A. A spherical reactor vessel filled with rarefied deuterium gas contains a central titanium target. A high voltage AC potential is applied between this target and the external ground plane. The intervening material comprises thermal and electrical insulation. See figure 1 and figure 2.
The applied AC potential creates an oscillating electrical field within the reactor. The process sequences through steps. Neutral gas. Ionization. Inward positive ion acceleration with concomitant outward electron acceleration. Inward acceleration of positive ions to target at fusion reactive velocities. Disassembly of the reacting mass. Recombination of electrons and positive ions to neutral gas. Extraction of waste gas and injection of fuel gas. Continuous repetition of this sequence.
B. NEUTRAL GAS
See Figure 3.
The gas is ionized with initial differential acceleration of charged particles. Positive charged particles are radially accelerated inward towards the target with electrons accelerated outwards. A net current still flows through the capacitor comprised of positive and negative charge carriers. See Figure 5.
D. INWARD POSITIVE ION ACCELERATION WITH CONCOMITANT OUTWARD ELECTRON ACCELERATION
Increasing potential continues acceleration of charged particles. Negative, low mass electrons start collecting at the inner surface of the reactor envelope defining a region of potential intermediate between the ground plane and the target. This forms the two innermost plates of an AC capacitive voltage divider. Current through the capacitor is decreasing as electrons accumulated along the inner surface of the reactor envelope. See Figure 6.
E. INWARD ACCELERATION OF POSITIVE IONS TO TARGET AT FUSION REACTIVE VELOCITIES.
Electron capture at the inner layer of the reactor envelope is complete. The capacitive voltage divider is fully formed and it’s intermediate equipotential voltage level continues to increase with increasing potential applied by the power supply. The current flow through this capacitor is at it’s minimum due to charge carrier depletion by the collection of electrons along the inner surface of the reactor envelope. The innermost capacitor has the smallest value, therefore the greatest potential develops across this region. This is the acceleration potential for the positive ions. This potential reaches sufficient magnitude for inward acceleration of positive ions to the target resulting in fusion reactions. See Figure 7.
F. DISASSEMBLY, ION RECOMBINATION, FUEL & WASTE EXCHANGE, CONTINUOUS REPETITION.
Reaction occurs when the voltage potential across the inner capacitor exceeds a threshold value. Reaction continues for this fractional duty cycle of the AC alternation. As the potential decreases below threshold, the reacting mass disassembles and reactions stop. On potential reversal, charged particles are accelerated in reverse directions and ion recombination occurs forming neutral gas. Fuel, catalyst, and waste gases can be exchanged at this time. The process can continue, cyclicly repeating as long as the drive potential and reaction conditions persist. It can cycle continuously. Cycling gives stability and controllability to the process.